• Kidney for sale - Iran has a legal market for the organsLos Angeles Times | 15 October 2017
    [read the article]


    By Shashank Bengali and Ramin Mostaghim

    'Kidney for sale': Iran has a legal market for the organs, but the system doesn't always work

    The advertisements are scrawled in marker on brick walls and tree trunks, and affixed to telephone utility boxes, sidewalks and a road sign pointing the way to one of Iran’s leading hospitals.

    “Kidney for sale,” read the dozens of messages, accompanied by phone numbers and blood types, splashed along a tree-lined street opposite the Hasheminejad Kidney Center in Tehran.

    New ads appear almost daily. Behind each is a tale of individual woe — joblessness, debt, a family emergency — in a country beset by economic despair.

  • Eight arrested in Nowshera for illegal kidney transplantsThe Express Tribune | 26 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By Tribune Correspondent

    Eight arrested in Nowshera for illegal kidney transplants

    The FIA has arrested eight people, including a surgeon, for being involved in an illegal kidney transplant racket in Nowshera, officials said on Tuesday. “It [kidney transplantation] was being carried out illegally where poor people were offered some money for donating their kidneys,” said Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) official Mumtaz...

  • Why kidney rackets in India flourishHindustan Times | 04 October 2017
    [read the article]


    By Sanchita Sharma

    Why kidney rackets in India flourish with impunity

    The lynchpin of the most unprecedented racket was Amit Kumar (pic), who has no training in medicine or surgery. He has instead shown skill in evading the law, changing names and moving cities several times each time he secured bail after an arrest.

    Each year, more than two lakh (100,000) people need new kidneys but only 8,000 get them. The demand-supply mismatch creates a space for organ rackets where fake doctors carry out surgeries and forge documents to show donors and recipients as family...

  • From Yemen to EgyptMiddle East Eye | 30 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By MEE contributor

    Misery of Yemen's organ donors: 'It is better to starve to death'

    Ali was desperate for work. War had engulfed Yemen, he had eight children to support and he couldn't get enough jobs as a labourer to make ends meet. In early 2016 he yet again found himself walking up and down the streets near the Qat market in al-Sonaina, a quiet and poor neighbourhood of the Yemeni capital Sanaa...

  • Rewarding families WebsiteScroll.in | 28 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By Sanjay Nagral, Vivek Jha & Dominique Martin

    Rewarding families of deceased organ donors is an ethical minefield, especially in India

    India, with its history of organ trade rackets, should be cautious before proposing incentives that may be on the slippery slope towards organ commerce.

    In September, the Central government announced plans to set up a fund for families of people who have donated organs after brain stem death. The fund will support the education of children of deceased donors as well as medical expenses of other family members...

  • Trafficking in SpainEFE Agency | 26 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By Rafael Matesanz

    The threat of transplant tourism

    The Spanish model promoted by the National Transplant Organization since 1989 has allowed us to maintain global leadership for 25 years, with the greatest chances of receiving a transplant in a service that is public, universal and without discrimination. This position of privilege contrasts brutally with a widespread international situation of scarcity. The numbers are outrageous. The annual demand for transplants is estimated to be between 2-2.5 million patients while the transplant process does not exceed 127,000 operations: only 5-6 percent of those who need a transplant get one. On the other hand, in Spain more than 90 percent of these patients get one in time. These differences shine a spotlight on us for people around the world who aspire to get transplants in our country...

  • Conversations Deakin WebsiteControversial Conversations
    [more details here]


    Saturday, 28 October 2017

    Deakin University Melbourne Burwood Campus

     

    This Public Forum brings together a range of international and Australian experts in the ethics of donation and transplantation, health policy makers and professionals and community leaders, to share their knowledge and experience regarding some of the most important and controversial issues of interest to the Australian public. An unprecedented opportunity for members of the public, health professionals, students, academics, journalists and policy makers to learn about a range of issues, and to be part of a lively conversation with a variety of stakeholders exchanging perspectives and ideas...

  • Kidney for sale - Iran has a legal market for the organsLos Angeles Times | 15 October 2017
    [read the article]


    By Shashank Bengali and Ramin Mostaghim

    'Kidney for sale': Iran has a legal market for the organs, but the system doesn't always work

    The advertisements are scrawled in marker on brick walls and tree trunks, and affixed to telephone utility boxes, sidewalks and a road sign pointing the way to one of Iran’s leading hospitals.

    “Kidney for sale,” read the dozens of messages, accompanied by phone numbers and blood types, splashed along a tree-lined street opposite the Hasheminejad Kidney Center in Tehran.

    New ads appear almost daily. Behind each is a tale of individual woe — joblessness, debt, a family emergency — in a country beset by economic despair.

  • Eight arrested in Nowshera for illegal kidney transplantsThe Express Tribune | 26 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By Tribune Correspondent

    Eight arrested in Nowshera for illegal kidney transplants

    The FIA has arrested eight people, including a surgeon, for being involved in an illegal kidney transplant racket in Nowshera, officials said on Tuesday. “It [kidney transplantation] was being carried out illegally where poor people were offered some money for donating their kidneys,” said Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) official Mumtaz...

  • Why kidney rackets in India flourishHindustan Times | 04 October 2017
    [read the article]


    By Sanchita Sharma

    Why kidney rackets in India flourish with impunity

    The lynchpin of the most unprecedented racket was Amit Kumar (pic), who has no training in medicine or surgery. He has instead shown skill in evading the law, changing names and moving cities several times each time he secured bail after an arrest.

    Each year, more than two lakh (100,000) people need new kidneys but only 8,000 get them. The demand-supply mismatch creates a space for organ rackets where fake doctors carry out surgeries and forge documents to show donors and recipients as family...

  • From Yemen to EgyptMiddle East Eye | 30 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By MEE contributor

    Misery of Yemen's organ donors: 'It is better to starve to death'

    Ali was desperate for work. War had engulfed Yemen, he had eight children to support and he couldn't get enough jobs as a labourer to make ends meet. In early 2016 he yet again found himself walking up and down the streets near the Qat market in al-Sonaina, a quiet and poor neighbourhood of the Yemeni capital Sanaa...

  • Rewarding families WebsiteScroll.in | 28 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By Sanjay Nagral, Vivek Jha & Dominique Martin

    Rewarding families of deceased organ donors is an ethical minefield, especially in India

    India, with its history of organ trade rackets, should be cautious before proposing incentives that may be on the slippery slope towards organ commerce.

    In September, the Central government announced plans to set up a fund for families of people who have donated organs after brain stem death. The fund will support the education of children of deceased donors as well as medical expenses of other family members...

  • Trafficking in SpainEFE Agency | 26 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By Rafael Matesanz

    The threat of transplant tourism

    The Spanish model promoted by the National Transplant Organization since 1989 has allowed us to maintain global leadership for 25 years, with the greatest chances of receiving a transplant in a service that is public, universal and without discrimination. This position of privilege contrasts brutally with a widespread international situation of scarcity. The numbers are outrageous. The annual demand for transplants is estimated to be between 2-2.5 million patients while the transplant process does not exceed 127,000 operations: only 5-6 percent of those who need a transplant get one. On the other hand, in Spain more than 90 percent of these patients get one in time. These differences shine a spotlight on us for people around the world who aspire to get transplants in our country...

  • Conversations Deakin WebsiteControversial Conversations
    [more details here]


    Saturday, 28 October 2017

    Deakin University Melbourne Burwood Campus

     

    This Public Forum brings together a range of international and Australian experts in the ethics of donation and transplantation, health policy makers and professionals and community leaders, to share their knowledge and experience regarding some of the most important and controversial issues of interest to the Australian public. An unprecedented opportunity for members of the public, health professionals, students, academics, journalists and policy makers to learn about a range of issues, and to be part of a lively conversation with a variety of stakeholders exchanging perspectives and ideas...

  • WP China WebsiteThe Washington Post | 15 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By Simon Denyer

    China used to harvest organs from prisoners. Under pressure, that practice is finally ending.

    China’s organ-transplant system was once a cause of international scorn and outrage, as doctors harvested organs from prisoners condemned to death by criminal courts and transplanted them into patients who often paid dearly for the privilege. After years of denials, China now acknowledges that history and has declared that the practice no longer occurs — largely thanks to the perseverance of a health official who, with the quiet backing of an American transplant surgeon, turned the system around over the span of a decade...

  • HOU India WebsiteThe Times of Israel | 25 September 2017
    [read the article]


    By Raoul Wootlift

    Head of transplant organization arrested over ‘organs for donations’ scheme

    Charity suspected of bumping potential recipients to top of waiting list in exchange for funding, paying illegal compensation to donors.

    Police on Monday arrested the head of a charity that facilitates voluntary organ donations in Israel, and three of its employees, on suspicion that it illegally traded organs for donations. The arrests took place alongside raids on the suspects’ homes and the organization’s head offices in Jerusalem, according to a police statement...

An Open Letter to HHS Secretary Burwell on Ethically Increasing Organ Donation

Transplantation Direct

Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 1-19

Published Online First March 6, 2015


Hon. Sylvia Mathews Burwell

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Washington, DC

Dear Madame Secretary:

In 1984, Congress passed the National Organ Transplant Act (NOTA). That statute not only established the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network but also enshrined in law a principle that had guided the development of organ transplantation worldwide over the previous 30 years: organs from living and deceased donors are precious gifts, and should not be bought and sold as market commodities.

Remove the Obstacles to Donation

The growing demand for transplants currently exceeds the supply of donated organs. In the previous decade, a collaborative effort among the Department of Health and Human Services, organ procurement organizations, physicians, and community groups produced a 25% increase in the number of deceased donor organs. Yet, over the course of the past ten years in the United States, the number of kidney transplants (which account for more than two thirds of all transplants) made possible by living donors has declined by approximately by a thousand...

Read the complete letter here courtesy of Transplantation Direct.

Organ Donation and Transplantation in Central America

Transplantation


 Garcia-Gallont R, Matesanz R, Delmonico FL.

2015, 99(3):459-60

Central America, as constituted by the Republics of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, is characterized by highly diverse social and economic levels reflected by the Human Development Index, ranging from 0.614% for Nicaragua to 0.765 for Costa Rica, and by the percent of Gross Domestic Product dedicated to Public Health Services (ranging from 1.2% in Guatemala to 6.6 in Costa Rica). This has a direct impact on access to transplantation services for the population and on the advancement of deceased donation programs. It is therefore not surprising that only Costa Rica and Panama (and recently El Salvador) have national transplant organizations as part of, and dependent of, and financed by their Ministries of Health. A trend that correlates the Human Development Index with the total number of kidney transplants per year, particularly in developing countries,1–4 is also found in Central America (Figure 1)...

Read the complete article in Transplantation here (subscription required).

Organ donation in Israel: Achievements and Challenges

Ashkenazi, T., Lavee, J., Mor, E. 


Transplantation

2015; 99(2):265-6

 

Israel's organ transplantation history dates back to 1964 when the first kidney transplantation from a living related donor was performed; the first kidney transplantation from a deceased donor followed in 1965. Currently, organ transplantations are performed in 6 Israeli medical centers with 6 kidney, 3 liver, 3 heart, and 2 lung transplantation programs.

Read the complete report at Transplantation here (subscription required).

 

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