• Update V1 White

    Participate in the DICG public consultation concerning the Declaration of Istanbul (2018 Edition)


    To view the draft DoI (2018 Edition) and provide your feedback via our survey, please click here.


    To celebrate the 10th Anniversary of the Declaration of Istanbul (DoI), a working group of the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) has prepared a draft update to the Declaration. The revisions made in this 2018 Edition are intended to ensure that the DoI remains a valuable source of ethical guidance for health professionals and policy makers during the next decade in the face of persisting and emerging challenges in organ trafficking and transplant tourism around the world. To achieve this goal, we need your help.

    Please share your time and expertise with us, and provide feedback on our draft documents here.

  • Israeli organ-smuggling mastermind arrested in Cyprus [read the article]


    By AFP

    Israeli organ-smuggling ‘mastermind’ arrested in Cyprus

    PRISTINA, Kosovo — The Israeli ringleader of a global gang of organ traffickers has been arrested in Cyprus, Kosovan police said on Saturday.

    Moshe Harel is suspected of organizing dozens of illegal kidney transplants at the Medicus clinic in the capital Pristina in 2008, and is the man being held, according to local media...

  • Indias laws on organ transplants do little to protect rights of organ donors [read the article]

    [read the Vidhi Report]


    By Menaka Rao

    The legal framework needs to ensure that the donor gives informed consent as well as legal and medical aid for donors.

    In August 2016, Surat resident Brijkishore Jaiswal needed a kidney transplant and was all set to receive one from Shobha Thakur, a 42-year-old domestic worker from rural Gujarat. But in order to get the kidney, Jaiswal tried to pass Thakur off as his wife and said that she was donating the organ altruistically. Jaiswal was paying Thakur for her kidney and thus breaking the law, which bans commercial organ donation...

  • What are red marketsInternational Business Times | 09 December 2017
    [read the article]


    By Lara Rebello

    ‘What are red markets? World's major organ trafficking countries bank on poverty and desperation

    A recent investigative piece into the conditions of African migrants stuck in Libya raised the curtain on the underground slave trade rings in the country and triggered international calls for investigations into the matter. It also shed light on the organ market that has been burgeoning alongside — banking on the bodies of financially desperate migrants. The migrant crisis in Africa as well as other parts of the world has offered organ traffickers a steady flow of donors — willing or unwilling — to sever ties with their kidneys, livers and other body parts....

  • DICG Statement on GKEP

    Statement of the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group concerning ethical objections to the proposed Global Kidney Exchange Program


    To download a copy of the statement, please click here.

     


    In accordance with the principles of the Declaration of Istanbul and the Guiding Principles of the World Health Organization (WHO), the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) is committed not only to discouraging practices and policies that directly or indirectly contribute to organ trafficking and transplant tourism but also to supporting the development and strengthening of equitable programs of donation and transplantation around the world....

  • How Indians were trafficked for organs in EgyptThe Indian Times | 23 November 2017
    [read the article]


    By Sumitra Debroy

    ‘Donate your kidney or face jail in Cairo’

    Yaseer Ahmed Basha (29) father to a six-year-old son and a three-year-old daughter, is unaware that he too is now an accused in the international kidney racket for selling his left kidney to Malad resident Pankaj Rao. He maintained that he was threatened and tricked into giving his kidney after he went to Cairo in July with the promise of driving an Uber cab. "It was 99% deception, but 1% my greed for money." He now makes a living driving an autorickshaw to support his parents there and his family in Taloja...

  • Some U.S. Hospitals Dont Put Americans First for Liver TransplantsProPublica and Fox 8 WVUE New Orleans| 20 November 2017
    [read the article]


    By Charles Ornstein and Lee Zurik

    Some U.S. Hospitals Don’t Put Americans First for Liver Transplants

    At a time when there aren’t enough livers for ailing Americans, wealthy foreigners fly here for transplants.

    Dr. Gabriel M. Danovitch, Honoury member of the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group, talks about national self sufficiency in organ donation.

    Also see Fox 8 News video on this co-published story...

  • Update V1 White

    Participate in the DICG public consultation concerning the Declaration of Istanbul (2018 Edition)


    To view the draft DoI (2018 Edition) and provide your feedback via our survey, please click here.


    To celebrate the 10th Anniversary of the Declaration of Istanbul (DoI), a working group of the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) has prepared a draft update to the Declaration. The revisions made in this 2018 Edition are intended to ensure that the DoI remains a valuable source of ethical guidance for health professionals and policy makers during the next decade in the face of persisting and emerging challenges in organ trafficking and transplant tourism around the world. To achieve this goal, we need your help.

    Please share your time and expertise with us, and provide feedback on our draft documents here.

  • Israeli organ-smuggling mastermind arrested in Cyprus [read the article]


    By AFP

    Israeli organ-smuggling ‘mastermind’ arrested in Cyprus

    PRISTINA, Kosovo — The Israeli ringleader of a global gang of organ traffickers has been arrested in Cyprus, Kosovan police said on Saturday.

    Moshe Harel is suspected of organizing dozens of illegal kidney transplants at the Medicus clinic in the capital Pristina in 2008, and is the man being held, according to local media...

  • Indias laws on organ transplants do little to protect rights of organ donors [read the article]

    [read the Vidhi Report]


    By Menaka Rao

    The legal framework needs to ensure that the donor gives informed consent as well as legal and medical aid for donors.

    In August 2016, Surat resident Brijkishore Jaiswal needed a kidney transplant and was all set to receive one from Shobha Thakur, a 42-year-old domestic worker from rural Gujarat. But in order to get the kidney, Jaiswal tried to pass Thakur off as his wife and said that she was donating the organ altruistically. Jaiswal was paying Thakur for her kidney and thus breaking the law, which bans commercial organ donation...

  • What are red marketsInternational Business Times | 09 December 2017
    [read the article]


    By Lara Rebello

    ‘What are red markets? World's major organ trafficking countries bank on poverty and desperation

    A recent investigative piece into the conditions of African migrants stuck in Libya raised the curtain on the underground slave trade rings in the country and triggered international calls for investigations into the matter. It also shed light on the organ market that has been burgeoning alongside — banking on the bodies of financially desperate migrants. The migrant crisis in Africa as well as other parts of the world has offered organ traffickers a steady flow of donors — willing or unwilling — to sever ties with their kidneys, livers and other body parts....

  • DICG Statement on GKEP

    Statement of the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group concerning ethical objections to the proposed Global Kidney Exchange Program


    To download a copy of the statement, please click here.

     


    In accordance with the principles of the Declaration of Istanbul and the Guiding Principles of the World Health Organization (WHO), the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) is committed not only to discouraging practices and policies that directly or indirectly contribute to organ trafficking and transplant tourism but also to supporting the development and strengthening of equitable programs of donation and transplantation around the world....

  • How Indians were trafficked for organs in EgyptThe Indian Times | 23 November 2017
    [read the article]


    By Sumitra Debroy

    ‘Donate your kidney or face jail in Cairo’

    Yaseer Ahmed Basha (29) father to a six-year-old son and a three-year-old daughter, is unaware that he too is now an accused in the international kidney racket for selling his left kidney to Malad resident Pankaj Rao. He maintained that he was threatened and tricked into giving his kidney after he went to Cairo in July with the promise of driving an Uber cab. "It was 99% deception, but 1% my greed for money." He now makes a living driving an autorickshaw to support his parents there and his family in Taloja...

  • Some U.S. Hospitals Dont Put Americans First for Liver TransplantsProPublica and Fox 8 WVUE New Orleans| 20 November 2017
    [read the article]


    By Charles Ornstein and Lee Zurik

    Some U.S. Hospitals Don’t Put Americans First for Liver Transplants

    At a time when there aren’t enough livers for ailing Americans, wealthy foreigners fly here for transplants.

    Dr. Gabriel M. Danovitch, Honoury member of the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group, talks about national self sufficiency in organ donation.

    Also see Fox 8 News video on this co-published story...

  • Delhi govt suspends Apollo Hospitals kidney transplantation licenceHindustan Times | 17 November 2017
    [read the article]


    By HT Correspondent

    Delhi govt suspends Apollo Hospital’s kidney transplantation licence

    The Delhi government has ordered the suspension of Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals’ licence for kidney transplants till January 5 after police busted a kidney racket involving secretarial staff of doctors working at the hospital last year.

    During the suspension period, the hospital cannot register new kidney transplant patients, but close to 40 patients who have been cleared by the committee for transplantation will continue with their treatment...

  • Bonds of lifeThe Japan News | 27 October 2017
    [read the article]


    By The Yomiuri Shimbun

    Bonds of life — the Organ Transplant Law 20 years on

    The Yomiuri Shimbun writes in a five part installment on the Organ Transplant Law in Japan and the 20 years after it came in practice.

    The article link focus on desperate recipients who has traveled to other countries for transplantation, but for a fuller understanding of the situation in Japan, read all five.

  • Should you be allowed to sell your kidneyGizmodo Media Group | 09 October 2017
    [read the article]


    By Whitney Kimball

    Should You Be Allowed to Sell Your Kidney?

    Giz Asks, talked to bioethicists, disagreeing doctors and the World Health Organization about their opinions...

Reciprocal Altruism—the Impact of Resurrecting an Old Moral Imperative on the National Organ Donation Rate in Israel

Screen Shot 2014-12-21 at 1.33.52 pmJacob Lavee and Avraham Stoler

2014, 77(3):323-336

Israel’s organ-transplantation history dates back to 1964, when the first kidney transplantation from a living related donor was performed.1 In 1965, the first kidney transplantation from a deceased donor was successfully accomplished.2 Currently six Israeli medical centers perform kidney, heart, lung, and liver transplantations.3 The Israel National Transplant Center (INTC) coordinates all donors and transplantations.4 INTC coordinators are in every medical center in the country.5 Despite this, the deceased-organ-donation rate in Israel has traditionally been among the lowest in Western countries, ranging between seven and eight deceased donors per million population.6

There are numerous past and present causes of the low donation rate. One major cause is the refusal of some ultraorthodox religious groups to recognize brain death as a valid determination of death.7 These groups may refuse organ donation from individuals who are brain dead but do not meet other criteria.8 Many mainstream rabbis accept brain death as a valid determination of death and consider organ donation one of the highly noble deeds in Judaism.9 However, the vocal objection from ultraorthodox rabbis has widespread
consequences since, during critical moments of life, many Israelis, mainly religious but also secular, seek comfort and advice from various religious leaders and tend to accept their judgment.10...

Read the complete article courtesy of Law and Contemporary Problems here.

Six Decades of Organ Donation and the Challenges That Shifting the United States to a Market System Would Create Around the World

Screen Shot 2014-12-21 at 1.33.52 pm

Alexander M Capron

2014, 77(3): 25-69

Since the beginning of human kidney transplantation six decades ago,1 and especially since the first heart transplant and the creation of deceased-donation programs forty-five years ago in the United States, the Western model for organ donation has been one of unpaid giving. Such a donation typically occurs for what are termed “altruistic” reasons, meaning that the organ donor is not acting for material gain. As transplantation has spread around the world, the model of unpaid donation has not uniformly followed it into settings that are socially, medically, and legally very different. Nonetheless, over the past twenty-five years, the principled stand of intergovernmental and professional organizations has come much closer to making noncommercial organ donation truly the universal ethical norm. But its hold remains tenuous, and hence the gains made in protecting vulnerable, desperate organ sellers against exploitation could be easily lost...

Read the complete article courtesy of Law and Contemporary Problems here.

Media reports announcing an end to the use of organs from executed prisoners in China are misleading

Screen Shot 2014-12-14 at 1.54.49 pm

Media reports announcing an end to the use of organs from executed prisoners in China are misleading

December 13, 2014

Evidently relying upon statements made during a plenum of the Chinese State Council in October 2014, international media have reported that the Chinese government has promised that organs for transplantation will no longer be obtained from executed prisoners as of January 1, 2015.1,2 The Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) welcomes this announcement and applauds the leadership of Chinese colleagues to accomplish this objective, but for several reasons remains skeptical about the promised timeline.

First, the announcement was not accompanied by formal assurance that the Hangzhou Resolution, developed by Chinese transplant professionals and government officials in 2013, is indeed being implemented.3 The objectives of the Hangzhou Resolution include:

  • establishing credentials for Chinese transplant professionals,
  • banning the sale or purchase of human organs,
  • preventing organ trafficking and transplant tourism, and
  • treating transplantable organs as a national resource for Chinese patients...

Read the complete statement here.

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