The Ethical Complexities of Online Organ Solicitation via Donor–Patient Websites: Avoiding the “Beauty Contest”
Article first published online: 22 SEP 2011 / DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2011.03765.x
©2011 The Authors Journal compilation©2011 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
E.M. Neidicha,A.B.Neidichb, J.T. Cooperb,c and K. A. Bramstedtd E.M. Neidicha,A.B.Neidichb, J.T. Cooperb,c and K. A. Bramstedtd
The proliferation of the Internet has spurred the creation of websites dedicated to facilitating living directed organ donations. We argue that such sites potentially devolve into “beauty contests” where patients in need are evaluated on the basis of their personal appearance and biography—variables which should have no relevance to organ allocation. Altruism should be the guiding motivation for all donations, and when it does, there is no place for a beauty contest. The power of the Internet is optimally used when it facilitates Good Samaritan donations—donations to any stranger, rather than handpicked ones. Social networking sites which aim to match potential donors and patients should mask personal identifying information, allowing the ethical principles of altruism and justice to guide organ allocation.