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Dr Jeremy Chapman receives Australia Day honour

JRC at SMHSydney Morning Herald | January 26, 2015

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By Rose Powell

If Jeremy Chapman had scored only a few marks lower in his final high school exams, the world would have lost an internationally acclaimed doctor who has saved thousands of lives. Because before dedicating his life to kidney transplantation and ethical organ donation advocacy, he was ready to spend his years as a fruit farmer.

"I would have enjoyed farming, but I've loved medicine. All research betters outcomes for the human race, but medicine is the most direct way that science improves the lives of people," Dr Chapman said.

Dr Chapman, now the director of medicine and cancer at Westmead Hospital, has been recognised by the government for his contribution to medicine.

He has been appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia to honour his pioneering work developing practices about organ donations and transplants.

Originally from England, the now 60-year-old doctor moved to Australia in 1987. He told Fairfax Media he was drawn to the niche field of kidney transplants because of the promise of the emerging field...

7 arrested, hospital sealed in Rawalpindi

Pakistan The Nation The Nation | January 11, 2015

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RAWALPINDI - Police swooped down a private hospital in Gulzar-e-Quaid and arrested seven persons including a surgeon and an anaesthetist for their alleged involvement in illegal transplantation of kidneys on Saturday.
Police also took four people, including a foreigner, into custody who were present in the private hospital for kidney’s transplantation. A kidney and other surgical instruments were also seized by police while the patients were sent to Benazir Bhutto Hospital for medical treatment.
According to Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Civil Line Circle Farhan Aslam, a police team led by Station House Officer (SHO) Police Station Airport Wasim Faraz conducted a raid on a private hospital “Hira Hospital” located in Commercial Centre at Gulzar-e-Quaid and held seven people including two senior doctors engaged in illegal kidney transplantation.
He said that police also recovered four people including a foreigner from the hospital who were there for kidney selling and transplantation. The accused were shifted to police station for questioning whereas the patients were sent to BBH for medical treatment. Police sealed the hospital and took all the equipment and record in custody, DSP Farhan added...

Overhauling China's organ transplant system could take some time

 China Daily USA
China Daily USA| Jan 8, 2015

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By Chris Davis

Every year in China there are about 300,000 patients who need an organ transplant but only about 10,000 surgeries are performed. That according to Huang Jiefu, former vice-minister of health.

There are a number of reasons for the shortfall. The main one is that Chinese people are much less willing than other populations to donate their organs after death. Huang estimates that six out of 10,000,000 people in China donate, where as in a country like Spain the figure is 370.

In most countries, demand for transplanted organs heavily outstrips supply. But China also faces other barriers. As the current issue of the Lancet reports, "Culturally, the concept of organ donation contradicts the traditional Confucian view that one is born with a complete body, which should end the same way because the body, hair, and skin are gifts from parents."

In 1984 it became legal in China to harvest organs from executed prisoners with their families' consent, a practice that was immediately condemned by international human rights and medical groups. Ethical concerns centered on the possibility of coercion or corruption in the allocation process. A black market developed...

To read more about organ procurement and transplantation in China, click here.

Islamic State reaps profits from organ trafficking

Al MonitorAl Monitor | December 5, 2014

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The success of the Islamic State (IS) in sustaining its battles on more than one front in both Syria and Iraq, while fighting in several other countries, highlights that the group has multiple and significant sources of funding.

According to data, there are two funding sources: internal and external. The latter includes a wide variety of funding schemes, including through medical facilities, oil and human trafficking mafias. According to sources in Mosul, the money supplied internally is allocated to local and foreign fighters, to encourage them to join up and continue fighting. IS took control of Mosul in June and then expanded in August to control large swaths of the country.

Residents of Mosul say that the sale of oil extracted from wells controlled by the organization in both Iraq and Syria has provided a sustained source of funding. The organization also opened trade canals through Kurdish [territories in] Iraq and Turkey, with the help of Kurdish, Turkish and Iranian traders.

In addition to oil sales, a secondary source of funding stems from the imposition of royalties on residents in IS territories. Members of the organization collect 50,000 dinars [$41.60] from each family as service and protection fees. The amount doubles for families whose sons did not join IS. One of the prominent tribal figures in Nineveh province, Sheikh Mohammad Abu Thayyab, said, “The IS gangs imposed 50,000 dinars worth of royalties on every family if one of their sons did not join these terrorists.”

Sources in the city say that oil prices have skyrocketed. The price of gas tanks used for cooking has reached 75,000 dinars, [about $62] while coal oil is sold at 5,000 dinars a liter [$4.16]. Meanwhile, the price of food has quadrupled.

The third funding source was exposed by otolaryngologist Siruwan al-Mosuli. He said that lately he noticed unusual movement within medical facilities in Mosul. Arab and foreign surgeons were hired, but prohibited from mixing with local doctors. Information then leaked about organ selling. Surgeries take place within a hospital and organs are quickly transported through networks specialized in trafficking human organs. Mosuli said that the organs come from fallen fighters who were quickly transported to the hospital, injured people who were abandoned or individuals who were kidnapped.

He said that organ sales yield large profits. A specialized mafia is engaged in these operations, in addition to medical institutions working in other countries. Without coordination among these parties, such a trade cannot be sustained, he said. According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the organization sells bodies and organs of injured people they arrest...

 
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