• The-Pontifical-Academy-of-Sciences- -February-13-2017The Pontifical Academy of Sciences | February 13, 2017
    [read the statement]


    On 7-8 February, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) Executive, representatives of the DICG board and of its membership participated in a Summit on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism convened by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican City.

    A Statement was released which calls upon governments, ministries of health, judiciary systems, religious leaders, professional healthcare associations, and the general public to condemn human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal and organ trafficking and acknowledge them as ‘crimes against humanity’. The Statement proposes specific measures to combat and prevent these crimes and to protect their victims.

    Together with the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a key reference for the Statement, this Summit represents a milestone in the fight against practices that violate fundamental human rights, represent a threat to individual and public health and tarnish the magnificence of transplantation. The statement is available from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences here.

  • The-Times-of-India- -February-13-2017The Times of India | February 13, 2017
    [read the article]


    Doctors allege illegal organ trade on the rise in major hospitals too

    Panaji: Stating that the illegal organ donation is now finding its way into bigger hospitals as well, a panel of experts, comprising of doctors and activists was of the opinion that laws regulating organ donations need to be amended along with strict implementation...

  • Hurriyet-Daily-News- -February-12-2017Hürriyet Daily News | February 12, 2017
    [read the article]


    Turkey sees rise in transplant operations

    The number of people travelling to Turkey for transplant operations has doubled in the last two years, a specialist doctor told state-run Anadolu Agency on Feb. 10.    

    Eyüp Kahveci, chairman of the Turkey Transplantation Fund Board, delivered a speech highlighting some of the key issues of transplant operations at the Istanbul workshop of the International Transplantation Network Project, which was set up in 2015...

  • World-Federation-of-the-Catholic-Medical-Associations- -February-9-2017World Federation of the Catholic Medical Associations | February 9, 2017
    [read the article]


    FIAMC SIGNS THE STATEMENT ON ORGAN TRAFFICKING

    In accordance with the Resolutions of the United Nations and the World Health Assembly, the 2015 Vatican Summit of Mayors from the major cities of the world, the 2014 Joint Declaration of faith leaders against modern slavery, and the Magisterium of Pope Francis, who in June 2016, at the Judges’ Summit on Human Trafficking and Organized Crime, stated that organ trafficking and human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal are “true crimes against humanity [that] need to be recognized as such by all religious, political and social leaders, and by national and international legislation,” we, the undersigned participants of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences Summit on Organ Trafficking, resolve to combat these crimes against humanity through comprehensive efforts that involve all stakeholders around the world...

  • The-Age- -February-8-2017The Age | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Philip Pullella

    China promises to punish unethical organ harvesting, 'mend its ways'

    Beijing's top official on transplants said on Tuesday his country was emerging from a murky past when organs were taken from detained or executed prisoners...

  • Rome-Reports- -February-8-2017Rome Reports | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    El Vaticano planta cara al tráfico de órganos y reúne a representantes de 52 países

    Por primera vez en la historia, el Vaticano ha organizado un encuentro para tratar el oscuro tráfico de órganos y el turismo de trasplantes en más de 50 países del mundo. Se trata de otra forma de esclavitud moderna que el Papa Francisco está empeñado en denunciar. Por eso, fue él mismo quien pidió a la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias que organizara el congreso...

  • Catholic-News-Service- -February-8-2017Catholic News Service | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Carol Glatz

    No nation is free of organ trafficking, say speakers at Vatican summit

    VATICAN CITY (CNS) — No country is immune to the trafficking of organs, which has become a global problem that demands a concerted and cooperative response, said a number of speakers at a Vatican summit...

  • The-Pontifical-Academy-of-Sciences- -February-13-2017The Pontifical Academy of Sciences | February 13, 2017
    [read the statement]


    On 7-8 February, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) Executive, representatives of the DICG board and of its membership participated in a Summit on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism convened by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican City.

    A Statement was released which calls upon governments, ministries of health, judiciary systems, religious leaders, professional healthcare associations, and the general public to condemn human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal and organ trafficking and acknowledge them as ‘crimes against humanity’. The Statement proposes specific measures to combat and prevent these crimes and to protect their victims.

    Together with the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a key reference for the Statement, this Summit represents a milestone in the fight against practices that violate fundamental human rights, represent a threat to individual and public health and tarnish the magnificence of transplantation. The statement is available from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences here.

  • The-Times-of-India- -February-13-2017The Times of India | February 13, 2017
    [read the article]


    Doctors allege illegal organ trade on the rise in major hospitals too

    Panaji: Stating that the illegal organ donation is now finding its way into bigger hospitals as well, a panel of experts, comprising of doctors and activists was of the opinion that laws regulating organ donations need to be amended along with strict implementation...

  • Hurriyet-Daily-News- -February-12-2017Hürriyet Daily News | February 12, 2017
    [read the article]


    Turkey sees rise in transplant operations

    The number of people travelling to Turkey for transplant operations has doubled in the last two years, a specialist doctor told state-run Anadolu Agency on Feb. 10.    

    Eyüp Kahveci, chairman of the Turkey Transplantation Fund Board, delivered a speech highlighting some of the key issues of transplant operations at the Istanbul workshop of the International Transplantation Network Project, which was set up in 2015...

  • World-Federation-of-the-Catholic-Medical-Associations- -February-9-2017World Federation of the Catholic Medical Associations | February 9, 2017
    [read the article]


    FIAMC SIGNS THE STATEMENT ON ORGAN TRAFFICKING

    In accordance with the Resolutions of the United Nations and the World Health Assembly, the 2015 Vatican Summit of Mayors from the major cities of the world, the 2014 Joint Declaration of faith leaders against modern slavery, and the Magisterium of Pope Francis, who in June 2016, at the Judges’ Summit on Human Trafficking and Organized Crime, stated that organ trafficking and human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal are “true crimes against humanity [that] need to be recognized as such by all religious, political and social leaders, and by national and international legislation,” we, the undersigned participants of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences Summit on Organ Trafficking, resolve to combat these crimes against humanity through comprehensive efforts that involve all stakeholders around the world...

  • The-Age- -February-8-2017The Age | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Philip Pullella

    China promises to punish unethical organ harvesting, 'mend its ways'

    Beijing's top official on transplants said on Tuesday his country was emerging from a murky past when organs were taken from detained or executed prisoners...

  • Rome-Reports- -February-8-2017Rome Reports | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    El Vaticano planta cara al tráfico de órganos y reúne a representantes de 52 países

    Por primera vez en la historia, el Vaticano ha organizado un encuentro para tratar el oscuro tráfico de órganos y el turismo de trasplantes en más de 50 países del mundo. Se trata de otra forma de esclavitud moderna que el Papa Francisco está empeñado en denunciar. Por eso, fue él mismo quien pidió a la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias que organizara el congreso...

  • Catholic-News-Service- -February-8-2017Catholic News Service | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Carol Glatz

    No nation is free of organ trafficking, say speakers at Vatican summit

    VATICAN CITY (CNS) — No country is immune to the trafficking of organs, which has become a global problem that demands a concerted and cooperative response, said a number of speakers at a Vatican summit...

  • The-Express-Tribune- -February-4-2017The Express Tribune | February 4, 2017
    [read the article]


    Illegal Kidney Trade: Two suspected organ traffickers held

    Destitute had been brought to the garrison city on the pretext of being provided jobs from different parts of Punjab...

  • Amend-organ-transplantation-lawThe Daily Star | January 30, 2017
    [read the article]


    Amend organ transplantation law to increase kidney donations: Experts

    Health experts have called for amending the law on organ transplantation to increase kidney donations, as the number of kidney patients is going up in the country amid shortage of kidney donors, during a programme held at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) on January 30, 2017...

  • Organ-Trafficking-slips-through-cracksThe Indian Express | January 17, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Tabassum Barnagarwala

    Rewind Kidney racket: Probe into three transplants at a standstill

    According to senior health officials, the new guidelines will subsequently make the DHS the authority to probe such cases. “Until then, the inquiry into remaining cases will remain pending,” said a DHS official. Previously, a three-member DHS committee was probing the kidney transplants to aid the police on alleged violations to the Transplantation of Human Organs Act...

  • BBC- -January-24-2017BBC | January 24, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Ruth Evans

    Pakistani police rescue 24 from organ trafficking gang

    Alert raised after patients from UK, Canada and Australia develop complications following kidney transplants...

Epistemic Communities, Human Rights, and the Global Diffusion of Legislation against the Organ Trade

F. Amahazion


Social Sciences

2016; Epub October 27

Abstract

Over the past several decades, over 100 countries have passed legislation banning commercial organ transplantation. What explains this rapid, global diffusion of laws? Based on qualitative data from in-depth interviews, historical analysis, and secondary sources, this paper explores the role played by the medical epistemic community and human rights in the global spread of laws against the organ trade. In addition to shaping, guiding, and influencing norms and approaches to transplantation, the epistemic community has been instrumental in the development of various resolutions, policy initiatives, recommended practices, statements, legislation, and model laws. Moreover, the epistemic community helped position the organ trade as an issue of societal and global importance, and it persistently encouraged states to undertake actions, such as implementing legislation, to combat the organ trade. Critically, the epistemic community’s efforts against the organ trade incorporated the concepts of human rights, integrity, and dignity, which had diffused globally and become institutionalized in the period after WWII.

Read the complete article courtesy of Social Sciences here.

Providing coverage for the unique life‐long health care needs of living kidney donors within the framework of financial neutrality

J.S. Gill, F. L. Delmonico, S. Klarenbach, A. M. Capron


AJT logo

2016; Epub November 26

Abstract

Organ donation should neither enrich nor impose financial burdens on donors. We describe the scope of health care required for all living kidney donors that reflects contemporary understanding of long-term donor health outcomes, propose an approach to identify donor health conditions which should be covered within the framework of financial neutrality, and propose strategies to pay for this care. Despite the Affordable Care Act in the United States, donors continue to have inadequate coverage for important health conditions that are either donation related or may compromise post-donation kidney function. Amendment of Medicare regulations is needed to clarify that surveillance and treatment of conditions that may compromise post-donation kidney function following donor nephrectomy will be covered without expense to the donor. In other countries lacking health insurance for all residents, sufficient data exist to allow creation of a compensation fund or donor insurance policies to ensure appropriate care. Providing coverage for donation-related sequelae as well as care to preserve post-donation kidney function ensures protection against the financial burdens of health care encountered by donors throughout their lifetime. Providing coverage for this care should thus be cost-effective even without considering the health care cost savings that occur in living donor transplant recipients.

Click here to read the article (subscription required).

New paper highlights difficulties of measuring transplant tourism

AJT logo

In a new paper in the American Journal of Transplantation, Ambagtsheer et al. (2016) "conclude that the scientific literature does not reflect a large number of patients buying organs." After performing a literature review, they document 6002 transplant tourists internationally, between 1971 and 2013, of whom 1238 reportedly obtained commercial transplants. However, in a letter commenting on the study, Ahn et al. (2016) note that Saudi Arabia alone has reported a total of 6079 patients obtaining kidney transplants abroad between 1998 and 2013. The authors of both papers highlight the difficulties of estimating global activity in commercial transplants and travel for transplantation, and the limits of literature reviews. They also emphasise the valuable roles of national and international registries and of transplant professionals in collecting and reporting data on these phenomena, as the comprehensive data published by the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation illustrates. 

The DICG is currently working with members and collaborating organizations to develop tools and guidelines that will facilitate collection and analysis of data concerning travel for transplantation and organ trafficking, in order to inform strategies to prevent harm and improve equitable access to transplantation worldwide.

Ambagtsheer, F., de Jong, J., Brame, W.M., Weimar, W. 2016. On patients who purchase organ transplants abroad. American Journal of Transplantation, 16: 2800-2815.

Abstract:

The international transplant community portrays organ trade as a growing and serious crime involving large numbers of traveling patients who purchase organs. We present a systematic review about the published number of patients who purchased organs. With this information, we discuss whether the scientific literature reflects a substantial practice of organ purchase. Between 2000 and 2015, 86 studies were published. Seventy-six of these presented patients who traveled and 42 stated that the trans- plants were commercial. Only 11 studies reported that patients paid, and eight described to what or whom patients paid. In total, during a period of 42 years, 6002 patients have been reported to travel for transplantation. Of these, only 1238 were reported to have paid for their transplants. An additional unknown number of patients paid for their transplants in their native countries. We conclude that the scientific literature does not reflect a large number of patients buying organs. Organ purchases were more often assumed than determined. A reporting code for transplant professionals to report organ trafficking networks is a potential strategy to collect and quantify cases. 

Click here to read the complete article.

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