• Egyptian police arrest organ trafficking ring in Cairo Ahram Online | 18 May 2018
    [read the article]


    Egyptian police arrest organ trafficking ring in Cairo

    Egypt’s interior ministry said on Friday it had arrested a number of people running an organ trafficking ring in Cairo.

    In an official statement, the interior ministry said the members of the ring had encouraged Egyptians on lower incomes in Cairo’s Ramses district to sell their organs.

    Three suspected members of the ring were arrested; one of the suspects, a butcher, had been given a 15-year prison term in a human trafficking case previously...

  • Proposed Bill on organtrafficking with extraterritorial implications Epoch Times | 17 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Janita Kan

    NSW Takes Crucial Step In Fight Against Human Organ Trafficking, Targets Crimes Overseas

    A crucial step has been taken to address growing concerns about the international trade of human organs as Australia passed its first anti-slavery bill in the New South Wales (NSW) upper house on May 3.

    Organ trafficking is a serious criminal offence in Australia but currently, state and commonwealth laws only prevent a person who is in Australia from engaging in an illegal trade of human organs. Loopholes in the legislation mean that if an Australia receives an organ in an illegal or unethical manner while overseas, they face no penalty when they return home.

  • India organ allocation Scroll.in | 09 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Sanjay Nagral

    Who gives, who lives? India’s organ transplant system continues to favour the rich

    More than 95% of organ transplants are currently performed in the private sector where costs range from Rs 20 lakh to Rs 25 lakh.

    In some parts of India such donations are increasingly saving lives. Donated organs are being transported across cities and even states by using “green corridors” that ensure that traffic is stopped to save vital minutes so that the organ is transplanted in time. Organs are being transplanted across gender, caste and religious identities. Given the divisive times we are going through in this country, shouldn’t we be celebrating such acts of solidarity and kinship?

  • South Koreans traveling for transplant Korea Biomedical Review | 05 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Marian Chu

    ‘South Korea indirectly fuels organ trafficking in China’

    South Koreans were one of the largest consumer groups of organ transplants in China, indirectly contributing to the unethical organ harvesting market there, speakers at a seminar said.

    The data on organ transplants were presented at the “Vital Link seminar,” hosted by the Korean Society for Transplantation, Vital Link, Korea Organ Donation Network, and the Korea Organ Donation Agency, at Seoul National University Hospital on Thursday...

  • Kosovo case Balkan Transitional Justice | 02 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Dean B. Pineles

    Kosovo’s Medicus Case: Bad Omen for Rule of Law

    Six years of efforts to deliver justice were wasted when the defendants convicted in the Medicus organ-trafficking case were inexplicably sent for retrial, says a judge who served on the original trial panel.

  • Fank Inter Press Service | 30 April 2018
    [read the article]


    By Maged Srour

    Human Trafficking for Organs: Ending abuse of the Poorest

    Organ transplantation is one of the most incredible medical achievements of the past century. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, “human organs for transplants have two sources, deceased donors and living donors; ultimately, human organs can only be derived from a human body, and thus any action in the field of organ transplantation must be carried out in accordance with the highest ethical and professional standards”. The reality is that in several countries such as India, Pakistan, Egypt or Mexico, organ trafficking has been peaking in recent years...

  • NZ financial neutrality New Zealand Ministry of Health | 17 April 2018
    [page link]


    New Zealand covers costs of leave for living donors in the spirit of financial neutrality

    Summary of compensation procedure:

    You register for compensation with the Ministry of Health while you're being tested to become a donor.

    Then you apply for compensation for loss of earnings when you have a date for donation surgery.

    Please contact the Ministry as soon as possible if you would like to discuss your options. For further information, call the Ministry of Health: freephone 0800 855 066 or access their website here


  • Egyptian police arrest organ trafficking ring in Cairo Ahram Online | 18 May 2018
    [read the article]


    Egyptian police arrest organ trafficking ring in Cairo

    Egypt’s interior ministry said on Friday it had arrested a number of people running an organ trafficking ring in Cairo.

    In an official statement, the interior ministry said the members of the ring had encouraged Egyptians on lower incomes in Cairo’s Ramses district to sell their organs.

    Three suspected members of the ring were arrested; one of the suspects, a butcher, had been given a 15-year prison term in a human trafficking case previously...

  • Proposed Bill on organtrafficking with extraterritorial implications Epoch Times | 17 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Janita Kan

    NSW Takes Crucial Step In Fight Against Human Organ Trafficking, Targets Crimes Overseas

    A crucial step has been taken to address growing concerns about the international trade of human organs as Australia passed its first anti-slavery bill in the New South Wales (NSW) upper house on May 3.

    Organ trafficking is a serious criminal offence in Australia but currently, state and commonwealth laws only prevent a person who is in Australia from engaging in an illegal trade of human organs. Loopholes in the legislation mean that if an Australia receives an organ in an illegal or unethical manner while overseas, they face no penalty when they return home.

  • India organ allocation Scroll.in | 09 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Sanjay Nagral

    Who gives, who lives? India’s organ transplant system continues to favour the rich

    More than 95% of organ transplants are currently performed in the private sector where costs range from Rs 20 lakh to Rs 25 lakh.

    In some parts of India such donations are increasingly saving lives. Donated organs are being transported across cities and even states by using “green corridors” that ensure that traffic is stopped to save vital minutes so that the organ is transplanted in time. Organs are being transplanted across gender, caste and religious identities. Given the divisive times we are going through in this country, shouldn’t we be celebrating such acts of solidarity and kinship?

  • South Koreans traveling for transplant Korea Biomedical Review | 05 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Marian Chu

    ‘South Korea indirectly fuels organ trafficking in China’

    South Koreans were one of the largest consumer groups of organ transplants in China, indirectly contributing to the unethical organ harvesting market there, speakers at a seminar said.

    The data on organ transplants were presented at the “Vital Link seminar,” hosted by the Korean Society for Transplantation, Vital Link, Korea Organ Donation Network, and the Korea Organ Donation Agency, at Seoul National University Hospital on Thursday...

  • Kosovo case Balkan Transitional Justice | 02 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Dean B. Pineles

    Kosovo’s Medicus Case: Bad Omen for Rule of Law

    Six years of efforts to deliver justice were wasted when the defendants convicted in the Medicus organ-trafficking case were inexplicably sent for retrial, says a judge who served on the original trial panel.

  • Fank Inter Press Service | 30 April 2018
    [read the article]


    By Maged Srour

    Human Trafficking for Organs: Ending abuse of the Poorest

    Organ transplantation is one of the most incredible medical achievements of the past century. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, “human organs for transplants have two sources, deceased donors and living donors; ultimately, human organs can only be derived from a human body, and thus any action in the field of organ transplantation must be carried out in accordance with the highest ethical and professional standards”. The reality is that in several countries such as India, Pakistan, Egypt or Mexico, organ trafficking has been peaking in recent years...

  • NZ financial neutrality New Zealand Ministry of Health | 17 April 2018
    [page link]


    New Zealand covers costs of leave for living donors in the spirit of financial neutrality

    Summary of compensation procedure:

    You register for compensation with the Ministry of Health while you're being tested to become a donor.

    Then you apply for compensation for loss of earnings when you have a date for donation surgery.

    Please contact the Ministry as soon as possible if you would like to discuss your options. For further information, call the Ministry of Health: freephone 0800 855 066 or access their website here


  • CoE rejects GKE RT News | 08 May 2018
    [read the article]


    Euro chiefs brand US-backed health program as ‘organ trafficking’

    The Council of Europe’s Committee on Organ Transplantation has rejected a US-backed organ-swapping plan as “human organ trafficking” over concerns that donors will be abused. According to the committee, organ-swapping, as proposed by the Global Kidney Exchange (GKE), goes against the fundamental rule of organ donation – that “the human body and its parts shall not give rise to financial gain or comparable advantage.”

  • Woman on trial for stealing human kidney Daily Monitor | 17 April 2018
    [read the article]


    By Juliet Kigongo

    Woman on trial for stealing human kidney

    A woman has been committed to the High Court for trial on charges of aggravated human trafficking and luring her shop attendant into donating his kidney to her husband. Miria Rwigambwa, a businesswoman in Mbarara District is accused by Brian Arinaitwe of duping and facilitating him to India for removal of his body part. The accused appeared before Nakawa Grade One Magistrate, Noah Sajjabi who committed her to the High Court for trial...

  • CoE Statement on GKE

    STATEMENT ON THE GLOBAL KIDNEY EXCHANGE CONCEPT


    To download a copy of the statement, please click here.


    The concept of Global Kidney Exchange (GKE) has been recently proposed as a means to increase the number of donor-recipient pairs that can benefit from kidney exchange programmes in highincome countries (HIC). The Council of Europe Committee on Organ Transplantation (CD-P-TO) with the support of the Council of Europe Committee on Bioethics (DHBIO) has carefully studied the GKE proposal. Read their conclusions here.

Protecting Donors and Safeguarding Altruism in the United States. The Living Donor Protection Act


Alexander C. Wiseman

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 13: 790–792, 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.13681217

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol

 

 

 

The present state of transplantation in theUnited States can be most easily summarized as “good news/bad news.” On the positive side, improvements in shortterm outcomes have translated into measurable improvement in long-term survival (1), new allocation schema have increased opportunities for disadvantaged populations (2), and the absolute number of transplants performed annually continues to increase (3), in part due to strategies that facilitate living donation. The bad news, of course, is that these improvements are dwarfed by the growth of those waiting in need of a transplant (4). Although efforts to increase deceased organ donation are important, it would take fundamental changes in deceased donor management or clinical practice to more substantially affect the “need gap” via deceased donation. Efforts to facilitate living donation, specifically by reducing any barriers to living donation, are much more likely to affect transplant rates, thereby increasing the opportunity for patients with ESKD to receive the most optimal and cost-effective therapy. To this end, the American Society of Transplantation helped draft and drive introduction of the Living Donor Protection Act (LDPA).

The report can be downloaded here.

The key role of health professionals in preventing and combating transplant-related crimes


Beatriz Domínguez-Gil,Marta López-Fraga, Elmi Muller and John S. Gill

Kidney International (2017) 92, 1299–1302; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2017.08.034

Kidney International Logo

The distinctive feature of transplant-related crimes, compared with other criminal activities, is the necessary involvement of health professionals. This provides an opportunity for practitioners to help prevent and combat these crimes. Health professionals are key in evaluating prospective living donors and recipient pairs. They also care for desperate patients who are vulnerable and at risk for transplant tourism. Moreover, because patients who receive a transplant abroad require long-term specialized care, practitioners must deal with the many challenges of providing care to these patients upon their return home. This article provides guidance to health professionals and policymakers involved in the management of patients who may be considering transplant tourism or patients who have obtained an organ transplant through criminal means.

The report can be downloaded here.

Organ Transplant Law: Assessing compatibility with the right to health

India law report

The Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy has published a report on their assessment of the Organ Transplant Law’s compatibility with the Right to Health in India. Though the Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act, 1994 regulates organ transplants and bans the commercial trade in organs and tissues, instances of kidney rackets and illegal trade is still being reported. The comprehensive report assesses the functioning of the Act and set recommendations to legislative and policy change. Recommendations includes the harmonisation of the definition of 'brain death' across different laws and amending the Act to ensure that victims of human trafficking are not treated as offenders.

The report can be downloaded here.

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